Vitamins and Minerals
Found Inside Oranges
Oranges are perhaps the most
recognized fruit in the Western world. Loaded with
important nutrients our bodies seek, oranges can
be both nutritious and delicious when juiced alone and
when combined with other ingredients. Here are a few of the
questions we attempt to answer about Oranges.
- What vitamins in Oranges make Oranges so good
- What is the best method for juicing Oranges?
- What are some great buying tips for Oranges?
Plus, we'll do our best to provide some general information
about Oranges that you might not find so easily elsewhere
on the Internet.
Let's begin our exploration of
Vitamins and Minerals
Oranges are probably best known for being
loaded with Vitamin C, but they are also rich in so many
other beneficial nutrients, including bioflavanoids. Here
is a snapshot of just some of their valuable
Vitamins in Oranges
- Vitamin A
- Vitamin C
- Folate (important during pregnancy)
- Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
- Pantothenic Acid
Minerals in Oranges
- Also contains trace amounts of iron, zinc, manganese
The next time you think about oranges... think about how
they might add a powerful boost to your daily nutrition through
juicing... but keep in mind, I'm not talking about the kind of
juice you get from pressing halved oranges on a reamer or
squeezer. You won't get the full benefits of this awesome fruit
without using a real juicer, in my humble opinion.
Tips for Juicing
Juicing Oranges can add both flavor and valuable
nutrients to most any home-juiced fruity cocktail. Here
are a few tips for juicing Oranges that may help turn your
juicing experience into something you look forward to and
First, as I mention above, don't expect to get the full
benefits using a reamer or squeezer to juice oranges. It might
taste awesome, but it won't deliver the orange's full
nutritional abilities. Use a juicer.
With that said, peel your oranges before juicing them but DO
NOT remove the pith and membrane. Don't worry about seeds.
Your juicer will collect them in the pulp basket.
The white part of the rind, called the pericarp
or albedo and including the pith, is a source of pectin and has
nearly the same amount of vitamin C as the flesh.
Quarter your oranges and then pop them into the juicer...
you'll get a thick, foamy drink (creamy in color) loaded with
almost all of the oranges' food value.
Five to six oranges yield about one pint of orange
Sidenote: By law, orange juice sold in cartons and
bottles in the supermarket is pasteurized which kills
life-giving enzymes. Many manufacturers add synthetic vitamin C
to bolster the content.
for Buying Oranges
Here are a few tips for buying oranges that may help you get
the freshest ingredients. We'll also include a few storing tips
for oranges that you might find helpful.
As with other citrus fruits, buy firm, thin-skinned,
heavy fruit. The heavier the fruit, the more juice you can
expect. They should feel heavy for their size.
Avoid oranges with mold or spongy spots on
Buying a big bag of oranges might be a bargain, but then you
can't see each orange very well. Hand pick your oranges at the
supermarket so you can be sure you are getting the best.
Store oranges in your refrigerator. Yes, they look great in
a basket on the table... but seriously, storing them in the
refrigerator will keep them fresher far longer (up to 2 weeks
vs only a few days sitting on the table or
This article wouldn't be complete if we didn't
include a little general information about Oranges, as well as
a few helpful links if you want to explore Oranges
In a number of languages, the orange is known
as a "Chinese apple" (e.g. Dutch Sinaasappel, "China's apple",
or "Apfelsine" in German). It is believed the orange originated
in China where a much more sour version of the orange grows
Mysteriously, for thousands of years oranges
seem to have remained an Oriental treat, not written up in the
Middle East, not mentioned by the Greeks.
Oranges which reached the west in the
earliest days were of the sour variety. Eventually the Romans,
always in the market for exotic produce, obtained oranges the
hard way---after long sea voyages from India which finally
brought young trees into the Roman port of Ostia, probably in
the first century AD.
After the fall of Rome in the 5th c. AD, orange
raising and importing both died out for centuries.
The fruit of Citrus sinensis is called sweet
orange to distinguish it from Citrus aurantium, the bitter
All citrus trees are of the single genus,
Citrus, and remain largely interbreedable; that is, there is
only one "superspecies" which includes grapefruits, lemons,
limes and oranges.
Fruits of all members of the genus Citrus are
considered berries because they have many seeds, are fleshy and
soft, and derive from a single ovary. An orange seed is called
a pip. The white thread-like material attached to the inside of
the peel is called pith.
On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher
Columbus brought the seeds of oranges, lemons and citrons to
Haiti and the Caribbean. They were introduced in Florida (along
with lemons) in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon,
and were introduced to Hawaii in 1792.
Like all citrus fruits, the orange is acidic,
with a pH level of around 2.5-3; depending on the age, size and
variety of the fruit. Although this is not, on average, as
strong as the lemon, it is still quite strong on the scale – as
strong as vinegar.
Some of the first greenhouses in Europe were
built to protect fragile orange trees from frost, which
explains the quaint, old-fashioned term "orangerie."
The top three orange-producing countries are
Brazil, the United States, and Mexico.
Oranges are sensitive to frost, and a common
treatment to prevent frost damage when sub-freezing
temperatures are expected, is to spray the trees with water,
since as long as unfrozen water is turning to ice on the trees'
branches, the ice that has formed stays just at the freezing
point, giving protection even if air temperatures have dropped
Orange zest is popular in cooking because it
contains the oil glands and has a strong flavour similar to the
fleshy inner part of the orange.
Did you know that orange juice is one of the
commodities traded on the New York Board of Trade?
In England, oranges were once a sign of wealth
and were often used during the holiday season for decorations.
This decorative tradition continues today in some households in
Europe and Canada.
In Spain, fallen orange blossoms are dried and
then used to make tea.
Sources/Resources on Oranges
Be sure to check out both our
"Juicing" and our "Smoothies"
sections for delicious recipes and more using